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Information about Stem Cells

Numerous advancements have been experienced in the medical field over the years. The reason for the numerous advancements in the technologies that have been invented. Stem cell therapy has been deemed to have great promise in treating various diseases medical conditions due to the numerous advancements made in the medical field. Stem cells have numerous differences from the regular cells. You need to research more about stem cells if you want to understand stem cells more. Stem cells are mainly of two types. The two types of stem cells are adult stem cells and embryonic stem cells. The name used to refer to stem cells derived from living human beings is adult stem cells. Embryonic stem cells are the stem cells that are derived from human embryos.

Adult stem cells cannot become all the cell types found in the human body, but they are as versatile as embryonic stem cells. Umbilical cord and bone mallow transplantation were the first uses of stem cells. However, some scientists believed that adult stem cells are inferior to embryonic stem cells because adult stem cells cannot become all the cell types found in the human body. Scientists hope they can make adult stem cells capable of becoming any cell type in the human body by reprogramming adult stem cells. Reprogrammed adult stem cells are also referred to as induced pluripotent stem cells.

Induced pluripotent stem cells can become all the stem cells found in the human body, the same as embryonic stem cells. Even though adult stem cells cannot divide to create every type of cell found in the human body, they are easy to harvest, available in plenty, and have a low risk of immune system injection in patients. Within the first four to five days after fertilization, all cells making the embryo are stem cells. The stem cells in embryos are responsible for developing into any type of cell in the human body. The pluripotency of the stem cells forming the embryo ends five or six days after fertilization.

Perinatal stem cells are mostly sourced from amniotic fluid and tissue, umbilical cord blood and tissue, and placental blood and tissue. Bone marrow extraction, blood draw, and tissue fat extraction, also referred to as liposuction, are the main ways of harvesting adult stem cells. Embryos used to harvest embryonic stem cells are not grown in a woman’s womb; instead, they are multiplied in a laboratory. If you want to be a donor for stem cells, you should be prepared to feel fatigued and sore for a few weeks because about ten percent of a donor’s bone marrow is extracted. When stem cells are being extracted from a donor’s bone marrow, the donor sedated so that the procedure can be painless.

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